Early Modern History

THE JAPANESE-SIAMESE ARMY OF YAMADA NAGAMASA

In seventeenth-century Siam (now Thailand), although most wars were fought against neighbouring Burma, one of the most prominent sources of military inspiration was Japan. In fact, japanese influence remained for centuries in the Siamese army. Even a perfunctory walk through the weapons gallery in the excellent Bangkok National Museum reveals that, among swords, the majority resemble […]

LANDSKNECHTS AT THE BEGINNING OF THE SIXTEENTH CENTURY – IN SWEDEN AND FINLAND

As a follow-up to Neil Rennoldson’s articles in Arquebusier XXXII/III on early sixteenth-century landsknechts in their German core territories, the following four illustrations depict landsknechts from the same period but in service in Sweden and Finland. Landsknechts first arrived in Sweden as mercenary contingents in Danish invasion armies, but within a few years, they were […]

EARLY EIGHTEENTH CENTURY NAVAL CHEMICAL WARFARE IN SCANDINAVIA: A STUDY IN THE INTRODUCTION OF NEW WEAPON TECHNOLOGIES IN EARLY MODERN NAVIES

In these days of recurring cutbacks in government military spending, outsourcing, and the privatization of warfare with private-sector military firms involved in naval affairs, it may be worthwhile to remember that it was not always a foregone conclusion that, from an organizational point of view, a modern navy would have to be responsible for its […]

ON THE TRAIL OF ROCKETRY: THE ENIGMA OF SCANDINAVIAN NAVAL PYROTECHNICS IN THE SIXTEENTH TO EIGHTEENTH CENTURY

Something odd seems to have happened when the modern Danish and Swedish navies emerged in the sixteenth century. Not only did they grow in size and strength very rapidly, they also experimented with unexpected types of armaments such as pyrotechnics. Most curious might have been the experiments with naval rockets…   Get Full text in […]

ISLAM AND MODERNITY IN CONTEMPORARY CENTRAL ASIA – RELIGIOUS FAITH VERSUS WAY OF LIFE: A STORY OF FOUR RADICAL DISRUPTIONS

What Makes Central Asian Islam Central Asian? In March 2005, an Afghan deputy minister of the interior (who out of mercy will remain unnamed) was touring Europe. At one stop, he suddenly found himself faced with a question that obviously took him by surprise. How long, an innocent but assuredly well-meaning European asked, had Afghanistan […]

GUNPOWDER AND THE END OF NOMAD MILITARY POWER: THE MILITARY REVOLUTION THAT REALLY MATTERED

Most academics working on the military revolution have focused their attention on Western Europe. This Eurocentric view is perhaps understandable, since many indeed seem to be more interested in the Rise of the West than in purely military affairs elsewhere. However, while the European strategists of the sixteenth to eighteenth centuries, being chiefly concerned with […]

NOMAD EMPIRES & NOMAD GRAND STRATEGY: THE RISE AND FALL OF NOMAD MILITARY POWER, c. 1000 BC – AD 1500

Most history was always written from the perspective of great empires such as Rome, Persia, and China. For them, and their historians, the nomads of the Eurasian steppes were little more than savage troublemakers. Nomads of different tribes and lineages were also hard to distinguish from one another. Few imperial commentators went farther than merely […]

OSTINDISKT FAKTORI I NAGASAKI BYGGS UPP PÅ NYTT

På en konstgjord ö, Dejima, i nuvarande Nagasakis hamn, byggdes redan på 1500-talet bostäder för utländska köpman. Så småningom uppfördes här ett holländskt, ostindiskt faktori. Ön blev med århundradena fast land och bebyggt med allt fler och all högre kontorshus. Men nu ska Dejima med sitt gamla faktori återuppstå till fyrahundraårsjubileet av det första holländska […]

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