The Hybrid Threat Capability of the Afghan Taliban Movement, 2001- 2014

When the Afghan Taliban leaders withdrew into Pakistan in late 2001, they had
no intention of surrendering the struggle against the U.S.-led international coalition
which had forced them out of Afghanistan. Yet, with a substantial international
military presence firmly entrenched in Afghanistan, there was no way that
the Taliban could regain power by conventional military means. Even with Pakistani
military support, the Afghan Taliban movement could not have repeated
the 1994 invasion of Afghanistan in the face of such military opposition.
For this reason, soon after its forced withdrawal into Pakistan, the Afghan
Taliban began to employ the means and methods of hybrid warfare and
hybrid threats, in this work defined as “a threat to a state or an alliance that
emanates from the capability and intention of an actor to use its potential in a focused
manner, that is coordinated in time as well as multi-dimensional (political, economic,
military, social, media, etc.) in order to enforce its interests.”1 This was a result of…

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